Journal Items

Papers Presented at the Royal Society Meeting

Published in Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences

29 June 2001, Volume 356, Issue 1410, Royal Society

Premature "Exoneration" of Polio Vaccines

Brian Martin, submission to Nature, May 2001, not published.

The theory that AIDS arose out of contaminated oral polio vaccines [1-3] has recently received publicity that goes well beyond what is warranted by new evidence. Contrary to some headlines, polio vaccines have not yet been "exonerated." [4]

Submission to Nature

Edward Hooper, submission to Nature, May 2001, not published.

Dear Sir,

I have returned from two months' research in Africa to find four brief correspondences published in "Nature" and "Science" [April 26, 2001] which, it is claimed, finally pour cold water on the oral polio vaccine (OPV) theory of origin of AIDS. Robin Weiss's accompanying commentary concludes: "some beautiful facts have destroyed an ugly theory". The reality is rather different, for these communications provide no relevant "facts", new or otherwise, and no disproofs.

Scientific Analysis

Scientific Analysis: No AIDS-Polio Vaccine Link; Brief Article

Myrna E. Watanabe, The Scientist, October 2, 2000
Vol. 14; Pg. 11; ISSN: 0890-3670

© 2000 SCIENTIST INC.

Researchers found no evidence of SIV or Chimpanzee DNA in Wistar samples

Forensic Epidemiology

Vaccine Theory of AIDS Origins Disputed at Royal Society

Jon Cohen

Science, Vol. 289, 15 September 2000, pp. 1850-1851.

LONDON, ENGLAND--For 2 days this week, the staid Royal Society hosted a spirited, sometimes raucous, meeting on the origin of the AIDS epidemic, the first such gathering ever held. At center stage was a controversial theory that a contaminated polio vaccine tested in Africa more than 40 years ago sparked the epidemic. The theory took a hit when researchers revealed that tests of old samples of the vaccine provided no supporting evidence, and the main proponent of the theory, British writer Edward Hooper, endured a verbal battering himself from several prominent scientists. But Hooper, unbowed, got in plenty of jabs of his own.

Statement of the Hypothesis

Statement of the Hypothesis that an Experimental Polio Vaccine was Origin of HIV

Contemporary Women's Issues, September 12, 2000

Theory suggests that an experimental polio vaccine introduced in Central Africa in the 1950s may have exposed the general population to the HIV virus

© 2000 World Health Organization

Of Chimps and Men

Letter to the editor about The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS

Science, 14 January 2000, Volume 287, p. 233

Stanley A. Plotkin and Hilary Koprowski say in their letter (Science's Compass, 24 Dec., p. 2450) that in my book, The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS (Little, Brown, 1999), I suggest that they "covertly used chimpanzee cells to produce the live oral polio vaccine (OPV) that was used in the first mass campaign with OPV in the former Belgian Congo."

Searching for the Origin of AIDS

Review of The River: A Journey Back to the Source of HIV and AIDS, by Edward Hooper, Harmondsworth: Penguin/Boston: Little, Brown, 1999, 1070+xxxiii pages, £25/$35.

Science as Culture, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2000, pp. 109-113.

This book is a scientific blockbuster about the origin of AIDS. It is in the great tradition of scientific detective stories except that, instead of reconstructing a scientist's discovery, it is a process of scientific discovery itself. It is also a pathbreaking endeavour in integrative investigation, cutting across the usual disciplines and involving everything from molecular biology to subtle interviewing strategies. Finally, it is intensely engaging to read.

Letter to Science

Letter to the editor about The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS

Science, 24 December 1999, Volume 286, page 2449

Responding to The River

In the book The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS (Little, Brown, 1999), author Edward Hooper suggests that we covertly used chimpanzee cells to produce the live oral polio vaccine (OPV) that was used in the first mass campaign with OPV in the former Belgian Congo. Hooper postulated that the cells contained a simian immunodeficiency virus that later mutated to human immunodeficiency virus.

Blame Me

Were chimps the source of HIV? Charles Gilks on Edward Hooper's controversial book

The River: A Journey Back to the Source of HIV and AIDS by Edward Hooper, Little Brown, £25/$35, ISBN 0316372617

New Scientist, 13 November 1999, pages 54-55.

FACED with tragedy and terror, it is very human to ask why? HIV/AIDS is undoubtedly the most terrifying of all emerging human diseases. More than 35 million people are infected or sick, around 16 million have already died and worldwide at least 6000 people become infected every day. The strength of Edward Hooper's obsession with the question matches the scale of the pandemic. How did it start? Is anyone to blame? Could it happen again?

Is AIDS Man-Made?

A review by Robin A. Weiss*


The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS

by Edward Hooper

Little, Brown, New York, 1999. 1104 pp. $35. ISBN 0-316-37261-7. Penguin, London, 1999. 1104 pp. £25. ISBN 0-7139-9335-9.


Science, 12 November 1999; Volume 286, pp. 1305-1306

Thanks to immunization, polio like smallpox may soon be eradicated. But did the trials of early polio vaccines trigger AIDS? The central thesis of Edward Hooper's new book, The River, is that they did. Hooper argues that both AIDS viruses, HIV-1 and HIV-2, first infected humans via contaminated oral poliovirus vaccines (OPV). He claims these vaccines were grown in kidney cell cultures derived in the 1950s from chimpanzees and sooty mangabeys, respectively, that were infected with simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs). Although this notion has been explored before, no one previously has researched the history of polio vaccine trials and early AIDS cases so exhaustively. Hooper builds up layer upon layer of circumstantial evidence and plausible conjecture, until he declares: "The reader must make up his mind or her mind. I have made up mine." Yet after having read his 858 pages of text and 175 pages of notes and references, I remain undecided on the origins of HIV.

Letters to Nature

Edward Hooper's unpublished letter to the editor of Nature in response to John Moore's review (Nature, 23 September 1999)

September 27, 1999.

Dear Mr Campbell,

I read with great interest John Moore's review of my book, The River. Might I point out that it contained a number of errors? I would appreciate the opportunity to correct these in your pages.

Second Referee's Report

(Certain details in this referee's report indicate that the author was none other than Professor Robin Weiss, one of the UK's leading retrovirologists, and the man who, together with vaccine-makers Plotkin and Koprowski, has taken the leading role in coordinating opposition to the OPV/AIDS hypothesis.  Ed Hooper, 7/3/06.)

Review #2 of W D Hamilton's submission to the magazine Science in 1994 on the origin of AIDS and polio vaccines

First Referee's Report

Review #1 of W D Hamilton's submission to the magazine Science in 1994 on the origin of AIDS and polio vaccines


SCIENCE
Author/Title: Hamilton, W.D.: LE 39303

I do not see the point of publishing this comment in Science, for several reasons.

Science Rejection

Letter of 28 April 1994 to W D Hamilton from the magazine Science rejecting his letter on the origin of AIDS and polio vaccines

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